What is the Flipped Classroom?

The flipped classroom refers to a model of learning that rearranges how time is spent both in and out of class to shift the ownership of learning from the educators to the students. After class, students manage the content they use, the pace and style of learning, and the ways in which they demonstrate their knowledge, and the teacher becomes the guide, adapting instructional approaches to suit their learning needs and supporting their personal learning journeys. Rather than the teacher using class time to lecture to students and dispense information, that work is done by each student after class, and could take the form of watching video lectures, listening to podcasts, perusing enhanced e-book content, collaborating with their peers in online communities, and more. Students can access this wide variety of resources any time they need them. In the flipped classroom model, valuable class time is devoted to more active, project-based learning where students work together to solve local or global challenges — or other real-world applications — to gain a deeper understanding of the subject. Teachers can also devote more time interacting with each individual. The goal is for students to learn more authentically by doing, with the teacher guiding the way; the lecture is no longer the expected driver of concept mastery. The flipped classroom model is part of a larger pedagogical movement that overlaps with blended learning, inquiry-based learning, and other instructional approaches and tools that are meant to be flexible, active, and more engaging for students. It has the potential to better enable educators to design unique and quality learning opportunities, curriculum, and assessments that are more personal and relevant to students’ lives.

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(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • Changing to a more inquiry based model along with allowing for the instructor to spend classtime focusing on student learning rather than dispelling information can really change the landscape of the classroom. Especially in such a transitional period in education such as this where online learning is going to impact what education looks like in the future, the ability to put the base instruction online will enable schools to completely rethink what the classroom model looks like. - mrskeeler mrskeeler Feb 28, 2013
  • - davidwdeeds davidwdeeds Mar 2, 2013 Been doin' this for so long I think this qualifies as old news.
  • Inquiry based instruction supporting student led projects (PBL) definitely changes classroom learning and teaching. The flipped classroom is one of several blended learning models and probably the lowest hanging fruit for adoption. Effective teachers have been using the methods for years but implementing them as standard practice sets new norms for instruction. I would encourage exploring higher level blended modalities that truly maximize high quality teaching and time on task integrating formative and adaptive software. Refer to http://www.innosightinstitute.org/media-room/publications/education-publications/the-rise-of-k-12-blended-learning/
    - kecia.ray kecia.ray Mar 4, 2013 Yes, excellent. - digitalroberto digitalroberto Mar 6, 2013 All of things are absolutely true! That being said, CBL and PLB also complex teaching strategies that must be done with careful planning and implementation. It is not just "group work" and teachers and students need training in the specific strategies to making them truly effective tools.- sharyn.gabriel sharyn.gabriel Mar 7, 2013
  • - jackwest jackwest Mar 4, 2013 Entrepreneurial teachers in traditional school settings that might not have tried to mix it up in the past are inspired to do so by the flipped classroom concept. Flipped has a specific definition however, that we might want to avoid. Better might be asynchronous content delivery? Personalization of content approach and product creation are some of the cool outcomes here.
  • The idea has grown a lot in the last year in Brazil. The Lemman Foundation translated the Khan Academy videos and are offering them to public school kids in pilot projects, calling attention to the Flipped Classroom model. The great thing about this model is that the focus is on good use of time pedagogically speaking, but I agree that it does not require new technology, just better teacher training and improvement of teaching practices. I will always be in favor of empowering the students and making better use of their time with the experts in their fields. - cristiana.mattos cristiana.mattos Mar 5, 2013 Agreed that this takes a retooling of teacher training. - alice.owen alice.owen Mar 11, 2013
  • I love that we have added flipped learning to this list... but I'd like to use it as an opportunity to point out the "flipped learning" isn't a "technology." :-) I had a similar conversation with some colleagues this past year while I was presenting the Horizon K12 report around educational gaming. Again, thrilled that it is here... but we might challenge ourselves to present the results of this work as teaching and learning horizons rather than only technology horizons. :-) - kari.stubbs kari.stubbs Mar 6, 2013 Agree!- alex.podchaski alex.podchaski Mar 7, 2013

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • The definition is sufficient but limited to only one of several blended strategies.- kecia.ray kecia.ray Mar 4, 2013
  • The flipped classroom does not require new technology. It can be done with a textbook. What the flipped classroom does require is a change in student motivation and teaching style, and these are not changed by providing the teacher with a new technology.- paul paul Mar 5, 2013 Exactly! - cristiana.mattos cristiana.mattos Mar 5, 2013Agree!- sharyn.gabriel sharyn.gabriel Mar 7, 2013
  • Hmm - remember when television was going to do away with books and solve the world of education? I don't see, as Gary Stager puts it, having students work an unpaid second shift, is helpful in the long run - right now it's sexy and cool, but students will tire of it when many of their classes "flip". (Look, Kids, you didn't read the books when we had them; now we are going to create videos you won't watch!) I think the "flip" term will soon run it's course and disappear. Examine closely how flipping came about - it was moving lectures (content transmission) outside of class so inside of class could be used for students to "practice." But that model of teaching was predicated on traditional math teaching and was not predicated on inquiry or student needs. But, hey, it could certainly be badgeable! - Derrel.Fincher Derrel.Fincher Mar 5, 2013 - guus guus Mar 5, 2013
  • I saw some wonderful examples of using online gaming (BrainPOP GameUp) to flip learning at the Northern Beaches Christian School in Australia as part of the ISTE Study tour. I also sat in on a wonderul and hands on presentation by the teacher at that school at the corresponding conference in Perth. As a result, I think we need to challenge educators to think broader about flipped learning. It can happen through a variety of mediums and teaching techniques. - kari.stubbs kari.stubbs Mar 6, 2013
  • Flipped learning has become equated with processes and solutions like Khan Academy. We need to bring it back to the concept of a method of teaching that allows for student exploration of subject matter outside the classroom to facilitate inquiry and project based learning within the classroom- alex.podchaski alex.podchaski Mar 7, 2013 it frees up teacher time within the classroom to provide time for more hands-on learning, if they change their practice, hence the need for good PD. - alice.owen alice.owen Mar 11, 2013

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative expression?

  • With less focus on direct instruction for basic skills, the potential to individualize instruction, raise the level of inquiry and have student create is enormous. The impact will be a need for teachers to be trained in HOW to ask good questions, what high level discussions look like, and how to make a project. Most teachers were trained in a more direct instruction model and will need to engage in significant professional development to learn to teach differently. Classroom spaces will need to look differently and more value on including technology in the classroom will need to be adopted. - mrskeeler mrskeeler Feb 28, 2013Yes!- sharyn.gabriel sharyn.gabriel Mar 7, 2013
  • Public Impact currently studies the impact of this technology in Charter schools. Their work can be found here http://publicimpact.com/category/technology-in-education/ and itemizes the benefits to instruction, time and efficiency of school day. - kecia.ray kecia.ray Mar 4, 2013
  • - jackwest jackwest Mar 4, 2013Increased personalization. Less seat time. More opportunity for creativity. And ultimately freedom for teachers to spend more time working one on one and in small groups with kids.
  • For reasons I give in (2) above, it seems to me the impact of the technology will be absolutely zero. The flipped classroom requires better teacher-training, or perhaps better pay for the teacher profession to attract more able teachers.- paul paul Mar 5, 2013 Agreed.- cristiana.mattos cristiana.mattos Mar 5, 2013 Agree about impact; disagree that there is a pool of über-talented teachers who would magically appear if the profession paid more. - Derrel.Fincher Derrel.Fincher Mar 5, 2013
  • I think that it raises the questions (and answers) associated with prior thinking that learning only happened AT school, and homework was only a practice of what had already been learned. We know with the rise of mobiles, internet, and access.... that students can and are learning 24/7. - kari.stubbs kari.stubbs Mar 6, 2013
  • Flipped learning really is the ultimate form of a differentiated classroom. Students can work at their own pace while checking in with the teacher on larger concepts and overall perspective with the class.- alex.podchaski alex.podchaski Mar 7, 2013
  • It should have an impact to help students see the connections between learning in and out of school. I think it will improve student motivation. We have already seen teacher motivation increase because it is a new way of teaching for some and they were looking for a change. - alice.owen alice.owen Mar 11, 2013

(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

  • Ramsey Musallam, Lisa Highfill and other instructors are pioneers in this area. They both have websites and lead professional development on this style of teaching. - mrskeeler mrskeeler Feb 28, 2013
  • Nashville Public Schools is implementing blended learning in K-12. All AP and IB courses are currently blended with freshman academy courses coming online in the fall. Elementary and middle school blended models are also in place in Nashville. - kecia.ray kecia.ray Mar 4, 2013
  • - jackwest jackwest Mar 4, 2013 My goodness there are so many. I like the work for Barb and Brad Newitt in South Dakota. They have been doing it for a while and have some great insights into what works and what does not.
  • Northern Beaches Christian School - Sydney, Australia - Chantelle Morrison, classroom educator - kari.stubbs kari.stubbs Mar 6, 2013
  • BrainPOP is regularly used as digital content that can "flip" learning. http://www.brainpop.com/ - kari.stubbs kari.stubbs Mar 6, 2013

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